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矿物标本收藏谨防放射性危害
文章来源:http://ccfeiyu.com/ 仁和智华地质标本

JINNIAN,SUIZHERENMENWUZHISHENGHUOSHUIPINGBUDUANTIGAO,WENHUASHENGHUOYIFASHENGLEMINGXIANGAIGUAN,SHOUZANGDEREDUHEZHILIANGYEZAIZHUNIANTISHENG。SHOUZANGPINZHONGLEIFANDUO,MUQIANBIJIAOQUTONGDESHOUZANGPINDAZHIFENWEIZIRANLISHI、YISHULISHI、RENWENLISHIHEKEPULISHISIDALEI,JUTIFENWEIWENWULEI、ZHUBAO、MINGSHIHEGUANSHANGSHILEI、QIANBILEI、YOUPIAOLEI、WENXIANLEI、PIAOQUANLEI、SHANGBIAOLEI、HUIZHANGLEI、BIAOBENLEI、TAOCILEI、YUQILEI、HUIHUALEI。KUANGSHI、KUANGWUSHOUZANGSHUSHOUZANGPINZHIBIAOBENLEI,SHIYIGEJIYOUKEXUEXINGYOUYOUYISHUXINGDESHOUZANGMENLEI。DUIYUKUANGSHI、KUANGWUDESHOUZANG,BUTONGSHOUZANGZHEMUDEXINGCHAYIHENDA,YOUDERENSHOUZANGZUOWEIAIHAO、TAOYEQINGCAO,YOUDERENWEILEXUEXI、YANJIUGONGZUO,YOUDERENZUOWEIMOUSHENGDEYIZHONGTUJING,YOUDERENWEILETOUZI、CHENGWEIMEILIDEYINGTONGHUODENGDENG。

In recent years, with the continuous improvement of people's material living standards, cultural life has also undergone significant changes, and the heat and quality of collections are also increasing year by year. There are many kinds of collections. At present, the comparatively convergent collections can be divided into four categories: natural history, art history, humanistic history and popular science history. They can be divided into cultural relics, jewelry, famous stones and ornamental stones, coins, stamps, documents, stamps, stamps, trademarks, badges, specimens, ceramics and jades. Painting. Ore and mineral collections are specimens of collections, which are both scientific and artistic. For mineral and mineral collections, different collectors have different purposes. Some collect as hobbies, cultivate sentiment, some for study and research, some as a way to earn a living, some for investment, become a beautiful hard currency and so on.

对于矿石、矿物标本的收藏,大家往往忽视了一个关键的细节,就是这些标本的放射性问题。一般而言,人类的生存环境就是一个充满辐射的环境,天然放射性元素是构成自然界的组成部分,在各类岩石、矿石、土壤、水体、大气、乃至人体中都有不同数量的放射性元素存在,这些天然存在的微量放射性辐射就是天然本底辐射,它已是自然平衡体系的一部分,不会危害人类健康,因为人类和其它生命在进化过程中,已经适应了本底辐射环境。但是,过量的辐射对人体是有害的,这是不言而喻。事实上,人们平时接触的绝大部分矿石、矿物标本是没有或者含有微量的放射性,只有极少数含铀、钍等放射性元素的矿石、矿物有强放射性,提醒大家在收藏这些矿石、矿物标本时,一定要提高防范意识,减少不必要伤害。

For the collection of ore and mineral specimens, one of the key details is the radioactivity of these specimens. Generally speaking, the living environment of human beings is full of radiation. Natural radioactive elements are the components of nature. There are different amounts of radioactive elements in rocks, ores, soil, water, atmosphere and even human body. These natural trace radioactive elements are the natural origin. Bottom radiation, which is a part of the natural balance system, will not endanger human health, because human beings and other life have adapted to the background radiation environment in the process of evolution. However, it is self-evident that excessive radiation is harmful to human body. In fact, the vast majority of ore and mineral specimens that people usually come into contact with are not or contain trace radioactivity. Only a few ore and mineral containing radioactive elements such as uranium and thorium have strong radioactivity. It reminds us that when collecting these ore and mineral specimens, we must raise awareness of prevention and reduce unnecessary harm. 1.KUANGSHIBIAOBENSHOUZANG 1. Collection of ore specimens YUHEISEYANXIYOUGUANDEKUANGCHAN(RULIN、FAN、MENG、ZHONGJINGSHIDENG)KUANGSHIBIAOBENSHOUZANGSHIYAOTEBIEXIAOXIN,YINWEIHEISEYANXIZHONGFUCUNZHONGDUODEQINTONG、QINTIE、FENSAN、BOZU、FANGSHEXINGJIXITUDENGYUANSU,TONGSHI,HEISEYANXIJUYOUJIQIANGDEXIFUNENGLI,WANGWANGHANYOULIZIXIFUTAIDEYOU,YOUDEKEYIDADAOGONGYEPINWEI;YUWEIJINGYANYOUGUANDEKUANGCHAN(BAOHANLI、PI、CHENG、MU、RU、SE、HADENGDUOZHONGXIYOUYUANSUDENG)KUANGSHIBIAOBENSHOUZANGYIYAOZHUYI,YINWEIWEIJINGYANWANGWANGSHIXIYOU、XITUYUANSUKUANGCHUANGDEZHONGYAOMUYAN,ERQIEFANGSHEXINGYUANSU(YOU、TU)JINGCHANGYUXITU、XIYOUYUANSUGONGTONGFUJI(ZHAOPIAN1),CHANGCHANGXINGCHENGDULIFANGSHEXINGKUANGWU(JINGZHIYOUKUANG、YOUTUSHIDENG),YOUSHIKEYIXINGCHENGFANGSHEXINGYUANSUKUANGCHUANG。DAJIAYAOTEBIEZHUYI,YOUKUANGSHISHIJUYOUFANGSHEXINGWEIXIANDE,HAISHISHAOJIECHUWEIMIAO。

排列3号码遗漏Mineral samples related to black rock series (such as phosphorus, vanadium, manganese, barite, etc.) should be collected with special care, because black rock series contains many elements such as copper, ferrophile, dispersed, platinum group, radioactivity and rare earth. At the same time, black rock series has very strong adsorption capacity and often contains uranium as ionic adsorbed state. Some can reach industrial grade; mineral samples of pegmatite-related minerals (including lithium, beryllium, thorium, molybdenum, rubidium, cesium, hafnium and other rare elements) should also be noted, because pegmatite is often an important parent rock of rare and rare earth element deposits, and radioactive elements (uranium, thorium) are often associated with rare earth and rare earth elements. Element co-enrichment (photo 1) often forms independent radioactive minerals (crystalline uranium ore, uranium thorite, etc.) and sometimes radioactive element deposits. Particular attention should be paid to whether uranium ore is radioactive or less exposed. 2.KUANGWUBIAOBENSHOUZANG 2. Collection of mineral specimens

JUEDABUFENKUANGWUJINGTIDOUMEIYOUFANGSHEXING,ZHIYOUJISHAOSHUHANYOU、TUDENGFANGSHEXINGYUANSUDEKUANGWUYOUFANGSHEXING,DUOSHUFANGSHEXINGKUANGWUKANQILAISHIFENPIAOLIANG,TAMENWANGWANGYOUZHEYANLIDESECAI,BINGZAIZIWAIGUANGXIAFACHUMINGLIANGYINGGUANG,LIRULILINQIANYOUKUANG、DIYOUKUANG、GUIQIANYOUKUANGDENG,RUGUOYAOPINGXUANSHIJIESHANGZUIMEILIDONGRENDEKUANGWU,NEIMEYOUKUANGWUJUEDUIMINGLIEQIANMAO,TABEIYUWEIKUANGWUJIAZUZHONGDE“MEIGUIHUA”。

Most mineral crystals are non-radioactive. Only a few minerals containing radioactive elements such as uranium and thorium are radioactive. Most of them are radioactive minerals which look very beautiful. They often have brilliant colors and emit bright fluorescence under ultraviolet light, such as granular lead-uranium ore, uranium tellurite, uranium silicate, etc. If necessary. In the selection of the most beautiful and moving minerals in the world, uranium minerals rank first in the list. It is known as the "rose" in the mineral family.

ZONGHESHOUJI、FENXIQIANRENZILIAO,CHUBUZHENGLICHUJUYOUJIAOQIANGFANGSHEXINGWEIHAIDEKUANGWUDAZHIYOUSANLEI23ZHONG:

By collecting and analyzing the data of predecessors, 23 kinds of minerals with strong radioactive hazards have been preliminarily sorted out.

YISHI9ZHONGYOUKUANGWU,BAOKUOJINGZHIYOUKUANG、LIQINGYOUKUANG、YOUHEI、TAIYOUKUANG、GUIGAIYOUKUANG、TONGYOUYUNMU、GAIYOUYUNMU、FANGAIYOUKUANG、FANJIAYOUKUANG(ZHAOPIAN2)。ZHEIXIEKUANGWUTONGCHANGCHENGFENMOZHUANG、TUZHUANGJIHETI,HEISE、HUIHEISEHUOSHENHUISE,HUANGHESE,HUOZHEDANLVSEHUOHUANGLVSE,YINGDUYIBANZAI1―5ZHIJIAN,SHUZHIGUANGZE、ZHENZHUGUANGZE、BOLIGUANGZEZHIBANJINSHUGUANGZE,ZHEIXIEKUANGWUYIBANYINHANYOUJIAODUO,FANGSHEXINGSHIHENQIANGDE。

排列3号码遗漏One is nine uranium minerals, including crystalline uranium ore, pitchblende, uranium black, titanium-uranium ore, silica-perovskite-uranium ore, copper-uranium mica, perovskite-uranium mica, vanadium-calcium-uranium ore and vanadium-potassium-uranium ore (photo 2). These minerals are usually powdery, earthy aggregates, black, grey-black or dark grey, yellowish-brown, or light green or yellowish-green, with hardness ranging from 1-5, resin gloss, Pearl gloss, glass gloss to semi-metallic gloss. These minerals are generally highly radioactive due to their high uranium content.

排列3号码遗漏ERSHI6ZHONGXITUKUANGWU,BAOKUONIYIKUANG、LINYIKUANG、GUIPIYIKUANG、HEYINIKUANG、NIGAIKUANG、FUXIJINKUANG。ZHEIXIEKUANGWUYINGDUBIGELEIYOUKUANGWUGAO,YIBANZAI4―7ZHIJIAN,YANSEJIAOSHEN,YOUHEISE、LVHEISE、ANHESE、HUANGHESE、HUISE、HONGSEDENG,SONGZHI、BOLIGUANGZEZHISHUZHIGUANGZE,BOLIHUOBANJINSHUGUANGZE。ZHEIXIEKUANGWUYIQIFANGSHEXINGYUANSUHANLIANGDEBUTONG,FANGSHEXINGQIANGRUOBUDENG。RUNIYIKUANG,ZHUYAOYOUTIE、YOU、YIZUXITUYUANSUDENGZUCHENGDENITANKUANGWU,HANERYANGHUAYOUDA23%,SUOYIJUYOUQIANGFANGSHEXING;GUIPIYIKUANGHANSANYANGHUAERYIYIBANWEI51.8%,CHANGHANQITAXITUYUANSUHETUDENG,JUQIANGFANGSHEXING;NIGAIKUANGHANWUYANGHUAERNIDA71%,JUWEIRUOFANGSHEXING。

排列3号码遗漏The second is six rare earth minerals, including yttrium niobium, yttrium phosphate, yttrium silicate, yttrium lignite, niobium calcite and diluted gold ore. The hardness of these minerals is higher than that of all kinds of uranium minerals, generally between 4 and 7. They are darker in color, such as black, green-black, dark-brown, yellowish-brown, grey and red, turpentine and glass gloss to resin gloss, glass or semi-metallic gloss. These minerals vary in radioactivity depending on their radioelement content. For example, niobium-yttrium ores, mainly composed of iron, uranium, yttrium rare earth elements and other elements, contain 23% uranium dioxide, so they have strong radioactivity; yttrium-silica ores generally contain 51.8% yttrium trioxide, often contain other rare earth elements and thorium, and have strong radioactivity; niobium-calcium ores contain 71% niobium pentoxide, with weak radioactivity.

SANSHIYI“SHI”XIANGCHENGDE8ZHONGXITUKUANGWU,BAOKUOYIJIESHI、DUJUSHI、SHAOLVSHI、FENGHUANGSHI、TUSHI、HELIANSHI、FANGTUSHI、GAOSHI。TAMENYIBANCHENGFENFUZA,YANSEYOUHEI、HUI、HE、ZONGHONGDENGANSEDIAODE,

Thirdly, eight rare earth minerals, including calcite, monazite, pyrochlore, phoenix, thorite, epidote, thorite and zircon, are commensurate with "stone". They are usually complex in composition and have dark shades of black, grey, brown and brown-red.

排列3号码遗漏YEYOUBAI、HUANG、QIANLV、FENHONG、CHENGHUANGDENGQIANSEDIAODE,YINGDUBIANHUAJIAODA,ZAI4-8ZHIJIAN。ZHEILEIKUANGWUCHANGHANTU、GAO、SHI、LAN、TUDENGXITUYUANSUHEYOU,DUOJUYOUFANGSHEXING,SHITIQUXITUHEFANGSHEXINGYUANSUDEKUANGWUYUANLIAO。YIJIESHISHIYIZHONGXISHAODEFUZAYANGHUAWUKUANGWU,CHULEHANXITUYUANSU、TU、NI、TAIWAI,SHANGHANYOU、XI、GAO、GUIDENGZAZHI,JUYOUQIANGFANGSHEXING;DUJUSHICHANGHANTU、GAODENG,ERYANGHUATUHANLIANGZUIDUOKEDA30%,CHANGJUFANGSHEXING;SHAOLVSHIYOUCHENGHUANGLVSHI,HANWUYANGHUAERNIDADAO56%,TONGSHICHANGHANTAN、XITUYUANSU、YOUDENG,JUYOUQIANGFANGSHEXING;GAOSHISHITILIANJINSHUGAODEZHUYAOYUANLIAO,GENJUNEIBUJIEGOUTEDIAN,FENWEIGAOXING、ZHONGXINGHEDIXINGGAOSHISANZHONG,QIANLIANGZHONGGAOSHIJIBENBUHANHUOHANYOUWEILIANGFANGSHEXINGWUZHI,DUIRENTISHIWUHAIDE,HOUYIZHONGTOUMINGDUCHA、FEIJINGZHIDEGAOSHI,YINHANYOUHA、TU、YOUDENGHUNRUWU,JUYOUJIAOQIANGFANGSHEXING,DUIRENTIYOUYIDINGCHENGDUDESHANGHAI。